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The Haven of Peace

Tilāwah: Sūrah al-Balad, Sūrah al-Ghāshiyah

Riwāyah: Khalaf ʿan Ḥamzah

Archive: Karachi, 1439

The Recitation

It was a sight to behold when nahāwand, unable to conceal its longing towards ḥijāz, flaunted its grace and dedicated itself to the recitation of Sūrah al-Balad; the balad being Makkah, the heart of Ḥijāz. It was a fitting performance since the Haven of Peace ought to be remembered with a maqām that is integral to the emotions of tranquility and graceful repose.

The two sūrahs covered by today’s recitation followed the riwāyah of Khalaf throughout their course. Let us analyse the distinctions thereof:

The Khalaf Distinctions

Khalaf performs the saktah on the sākin before the hamzah al-qatʿ. This was demonstrated clearly in the previous article. The imālah is also very common in the riwāyah of Khalaf. The third distinctive feature of Khalaf is the iẓ-hār that replaces the idghām ṣaghīr for the letters wāw and yāʾ.

Khalaf departs from the Ḥafṣ reading in the last āyat of Sūrah al-Balad where the word ʿalayhim is recited as ʿalayhum. See below:

Khalaf performs ibdāl in muʾṣadah upon stopping (waqf).

Similar is the case in Sūrah al-Ghāshiyah. Apart from the saktah, imālah and iẓ-hār replacing the idghām ṣaghīr in wāw and yāʾ, Khalaf departs from Ḥafṣ in the following āyat:

Orange: Khalaf pronounces the letter ṣād with a hint of zāy.

Readers are encouraged to post questions related to the riwāyah of Khalaf ʿan Ḥamzah in the comment section below.

Transitions of Sheikh Mustafa Ismail – Chapter 3

This article discusses the essential difference between the maqāms ʿajam and jihārkāh, allowing us to understand how Sheikh Mustafa Ismail uses the maqām ʿajam in conjunction with nahāwand. The very idea of using ʿajam with nahāwand indicates the Sheikh’s unparalleled expertise in the field of maqāmāt.

One of the previous articles mentioned that qurrāʾ prefer to stay away from reciting longer passages inʿajam because of its frequent ascents and descents into the qarār and jawāb. Thus, ʿajam in its pure form does not suit the excellence and grandeur of Allah Taʿālā’s word.

Here it is important to distinguish between the maqāms ʿajam and jihārkāh. Firstly, whereas ʿajam is a primary maqām, jihārkāh is secondary. Jihārkāh is used by all qurrāʾ because of its stability which makes it suitable for the Qurʾān’s recitation.

Let us go through some examples of ʿajam to understand its frequent ascents and descents. We will also hear some examples of jihārkāh to appreciate its stability and realize why qurrāʾ use it without hesitation.

Examples of ʿAjam
Examples of Jihārkāh

These examples are sufficient to perceive the difference between the maqāms ʿajam and jihārkāh in the context of what has been discussed above.

The following audio clip is Sheikh Mustafa Ismail reciting exclusively in jihārkāh from Sūrah al-Muzzammil. It will help understand the intricacies of this maqām better. The clip ends with the Sheikh transitioning into bayāti.

For optional hearing
  • Hatim 7:17 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Can u give me this all in lisan ud dawaat language

    • Sh qutbuddin 10:26 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

      Shukran jzakllh khairn

  • Arwa 8:18 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Requesting a lisan u dawat translation please. Thank you

  • Taher burhanuddin 9:40 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Very impressive tilawat

  • Alifyah 9:45 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Context needed in LSD

  • Najmuddin 10:04 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Can you give all this in lian us dawat for better understanding.

  • hussain kaleem 10:27 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Could you please send the rules sheet of khalf

  • Maria luvai 10:34 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Have just started hifz inshallah will complete aljuz salasoon am totally new to the ahqams , jiharikah, ajamwud really like a beginers input to understand this better.I do my hifz with Sh.Hussain bs’s audio

  • Maria luvai 10:35 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Have just started hifz inshallah will complete aljuz salasoon am new to the ahqams , jiharikah, ajamwud really like a beginers input to understand this better.I do my hifz with Sh.Hussain bs’s audio

  • Fatema Hasnain Shajapurwala 10:48 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Kindly send in lisan u dawat

  • Yusuf 10:49 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Want to learn more about tajweed, ashara qirat and different maqamats..

    • ali akbar udz 11:29 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

      jazakallah,day by day the interest in knowing these maqamats are getting inspired by your explaination

  • Ebrahim Plumber 11:14 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Tajweed Nu Explanation, Lisan if Dawaat ma Mili sakse to ghanu Behter samaj ma aawse. Shukran

  • Hakimuddin 11:30 pm 24/08/2020 Reply

    Kindly send in lisan u dawat

  • Sh Murtaza Moayyadi 7:03 am 25/08/2020 Reply

    In Khalaf recitation, izhar is done un place of idgam sageer, can you post an audio example?

    • Tajweed Explained 11:45 am 25/08/2020 Reply

      Afdalus Salam Janab,

      Please refer to the “dark blue” explanation in the second example of the Khalaf Distinctions in the post “The Goodly Tree of Paradise”.

    • Husain Moiz Bhai Limbdiwala 2:57 pm 26/08/2020 Reply

      What is the meaning of khalaf an hamzah..
      Can u plz post the ahkam al tajweed not the basics but these diff forms which im unheard of in the form of video clips.
      If possible it will be much easier to grasp and practice accordingly.

      • Tajweed Explained 3:07 pm 26/08/2020 Reply


        Do go through the earlier posts of the blog to get a brief understanding of the Ten Readings of the Qur’an.
        The different forms of Ahkaam should only be practiced after the basic Ahkaam of Hafs have been properly mastered.

  • Ibrahim 11:47 pm 25/08/2020 Reply

    What do u mean by “in the context of farsh” …jnb?

    • Tajweed Explained 2:11 am 26/08/2020 Reply

      Yes, you’re right. While it seems like farsh, the haa al dameer in sighah al jam’ is in fact among the usool of Hamzah’s qira’ah.

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