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The Departing Night

Tilāwah: al-Fajr, 1 – 22

Riwāyah: Khalaf ʿan Ḥamzah

Archive: Colombo, 1441

Note: Part of the following text has been quoted from last year’s article, The Three Duraʿ.

The Recitation

As the nights depart one after the other and the dawn of ʿĀshūrā draws nearer, one is reminded of how the raʾs mubārak of Imām Ḥusayn AS must have recited the Sūrah al-Kahf atop the spear of the accursed Ummayads. What must have been the state of repose for Imām ʿAlī Zayn al-ʿĀbedīn AS after having been inflicted with the incurable wound of seeing Imām Ḥusayn AS being martyred in Karbala? Surely, the departing night of ʿĀshūrā must have appeared before his eyes for all the subsequent dawns of his life.

A sort of malaise enveloped today’s recitation evoking the painful events of the ten nights of Karbalā. Intertwined with the suppleness of rast coupled with nahāwand, today’s recitation was among the best so far. The Sūrah al-Fajr was recited in the riwāyah of Khalaf ʿan Ḥamzah that was preceded with a brief foray into Warsh.

The initial verses saw a display of Warsh in the word يسر which was recited as يسري. The lack of ghunnah on the subsequent lām in قسم لذي and the lack of idghām kabīr in ذلك قسم paved the way for ascertaining the narration as that of Warsh. The same verses were repeated in Ḥafṣ.

The Sūrah was then repeated from the beginning in Khalaf. This continued till the twenty-second verse when the recitation was abruptly terminated since al-Dai al-Ajal Syedna Aali Qadr Mufaddal Saifuddin (TUS) had set foot in the vicinity of the masjid. Whether it was a coincidence; rather a clear sign from providence, that the recitation ended on the following verse :

وَجَآءَ رَبُّكَ وَٱلۡمَلَكُ صَفّٗا صَفّٗا

(and your Lord and the Angels have arrived, rank in rank)

The Three Duraʿ, 1441

Distinctions of Khalaf

The following audio notes will help the reader recognize the Khalaf distinctions in today’s recitation.

Blue: non-Idghām; Pink: witr instead of watr
Blue: saktah
Pink: ʿalayhum instead of ʿalayhim
Blue: Saktah; Red: imālah
Light Blue: Saktah; Dark Blue: non-Idghām; Red: imālah

Transitions of Sheikh Mustafa Ismail – Chapter 4

The previous article discussed the differences between the maqāms ʿajam and jihārkāh. Readers are advised to go through the earlier articles in order to fully grasp the content that follows.

This article will continue discussing how Sheikh Mustafa Ismail uses the maqām ʿajam with the maqām nahāwand. Carrying on from the previous article, ʿajam is used rarely when compared to jihārkāh. Whenever ʿajam is brought into play, a very small portion of it actually makes it to the field. The reasons have been discussed before.

Today, we will go through five examples that will demonstrate how Sheikh Mustafa Ismail transitions from nahāwand into ʿajam for a brief moment before returning, in his own unique style, back to nahāwand.

Example 1

Example 2

Example 3

Example 4

Example 5

These examples demonstrate how the Sheikh, when intending to use ʿajam, begins with nahāwand, transitions into ʿajam briefly and returns back to nahāwand.

Dear readers, your comments about a Lisan al-Dawat version of TajweedExplained have been noted and appreciated. For now, there are no plans to release this blog in Lisan al-Dawat. However, there might be a later release during the post-Ashara weeks. Do subscribe to the blog to keep abreast of the latest updates.

  • Anonymous 6:19 pm 25/08/2020 Reply

    .الله الله علي قراءتك، جزاك الله

    • Dr Shk Shoebali Baramati wala 7:54 pm 25/08/2020 Reply

      Excellent Jazakallh.

      • Taher Mohammad bhai Kalolwala 9:20 am 26/08/2020 Reply

        It will better understand if both lisanal dawat and eng explanations shall upload on this blog.Thankyou

    • Khozema Rupawala 5:27 pm 26/08/2020 Reply

      Please help me out with the pdf of all the Ashara mubaraka vaaz in English. As I want store them & review again & again for future reference. Please help me out shukran.

      • Tajweed Explained 6:41 pm 26/08/2020 Reply

        Salams. Kindly visit http://www.talabulilm.com to find English points of all waaz mubarak of this as well as of previous ashara mubaraka.

    • Munira Juzer Khambat wala 3:21 pm 08/09/2020 Reply

      Subhanallah lissanud dawat essay to understand

  • Mustafa 6:56 pm 25/08/2020 Reply

    Shukran, thanks for the excellent article.

  • Yusuf M 11:40 pm 25/08/2020 Reply

    We will be highly grateful if this blog is explained in Lisan al dawat and also if some teacher teaches it.

  • mustansir 5:47 am 26/08/2020 Reply

    sukran ..

    • Umme hani cycle 3:26 pm 26/08/2020 Reply

      Sukran thanks for artical

      • khadija ratlamwala 12:25 am 29/08/2020 Reply

        plz share surat rahman.surat ikhlas in husainbhaisab voice which recite in asharamubaraka 1436 in surat qabal zohar

        • Tajweed Explained 1:07 am 29/08/2020 Reply

          Salam. As is stated before all waaz recordings, the tilawat recordings cannot be shared over social media. Furthermore, we do not keep recordings in our possession.

  • Shabbir attar 11:27 am 26/08/2020 Reply


  • Ibrahim 3:02 am 27/08/2020 Reply

    Can you please explain “non-idhgam”

    • Tajweed Explained 10:29 am 27/08/2020 Reply

      Here, the term “non-Idgham” is a loose and perhaps a (partially) faulty translation of the original term “ترك الغنة في” which indicates that Ḥamzah, the Qārī, did not rest for two ḥarakāt while performing the idghām ṣaghīr of nūn sākin that involved the letters wāw and yāʾ.

      Contrary to what the (translated) term suggests at its outset, the element of idghām (assimilation) is still there albeit in a raw form, without any embellishment.

      • Ibrahim 2:52 am 29/08/2020 Reply

        Thank you.

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