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The Culmination

22/09/2018 Archives


Qabl al-Ẓuhr: Sūrah al-Zumar Verses 53 to 75; Sūrah al-Ṭāriq

Qirāʾah: Ḥafṣ ʿan ʿĀṣim, Hishām ʿan Ibn ʿĀmir, Warsh ʿan Nāfiʿ

Baʿd al-Ẓuhr: Sūrah Āl ʿImrān Verses 185 to 195; Sūrah al-ʿAṣr; Sūrah al-Kawthar

Qirāʾah: Warsh ʿan Nāfiʿ

Qabl al-Ẓuhr

The tilāwah began with Shehzada Saheb (DM) opting to recite a substantial passage of verses in the most familiar narration of Ḥafṣ ʿan ʿĀṣim. The recitation in Ḥafṣ continued till Verse 69 barring one verse, the 56th, that was recited in multiple narrations. The changes in this verse are listed below:

  1. Yā ḥasratā (يا حسرتى) with fatḥah = Ḥafṣ ʿan ʿĀṣim
  2. Yā ḥasratae with taqlīl = Warsh ʿan Nāfiʿ
  3. Nafsui yā ḥasratae with imālah and without idghām = Khalaf ʿan Ḥamzah
  4. Yā ḥasratāya = Ibn Jammaz ʿan Abū Jaʿfar
  5. Yā ḥasratāi (with madd 6 ḥarakāt) = Ibn Wardān ʿan Abū Jaʿfar
  6. Yā ḥasratāh (يا حسرتاه) at the time of waqf only = Ruways ʿan Yāʿqūb

Click here to listen to all wujūh listed above.

Upon reaching the 69th verse of Sūrah al-Zumar, Shehzada Saheb (DM) transitioned into the narration of Hishām ʿan Ibn ʿĀmir. This narration contains an interesting phenomenon where the kasrah (zayr) on the first letter of certain words is changed into 1/3rd ḍammah (paysh) and 2/3rds kasrah (zayr). This same phenomenon also occurs in the narration of Ruways ʿan Yaʿqūb and the qirāʾah of al-Kisāʾī, however, Ruways’ narration contains qaṣr al-munfaṣil (the non application of madd munfaṣil) and al-Kisāʾi does not read the subsequent word فتحت with a tashdīd on the letter تاء (futtiḥat). Shehzada Saheb (DM) not only elongated the madd munfaṣil but also read the word فتحت as futtiḥat indicating that the narration being recited was of Hishām.

The phenomenon mentioned earlier is termed  إشمام كسر الحرف الأول ضما i.e. to provide a hint of paysh before continuing with zayr. Shehzada Saheb (DM) did so in several words which can be heard in the links provided below:

  1. Verse 69, Word: وجيئ
  2. Verse 71, Word وسيق
  3. Verse 72, Word وقيل

After completing Sūrah al-Zumar, Shehzada Saheb (DM) recited Sūrah al-Ṭāriq in the riwāyah of Warsh ʿan Nāfiʿ. In this narration, the word lammā is recited without tashdīd as lamā.

Baʿd al-Ẓuhr

This soulful recitation touched many a heart and wet many an eye. It was entirely in the narration of Warsh ʿan Nāfiʿ. The narration of Warsh has been transmitted through two main turuq i.e. paths. These are the tarīq of al-Azraq and the tarīq of al-Iṣbahānī. Al-Shāṭibī, who has narrated the seven mutawātir recitations, has chosen the tarīq of al-Azraq over that of al-Iṣbahānī. Therefore this narration is also referred to as the riwāyah of Warsh from the qirāʾah of Nāfiʿ from the tarīq of al-Azraq brought to us through the tarīq of al-Shāṭibīyah (رواية ورش عن نافع من طريق الأزرق من طريق الشاطبية). The path of al-Azraq is the most commonly recited narration of Warsh especially in North Africa and Sudan outside of Egypt. 

This brings us to the culmination of this series of Tajweed Explained. May Allah ta’ala forgive the errors contained herein and carry the reward of whatever is accurate, precise and beneficial to Syedna Aali Qadr Mufaddal Saifuddin TUS. May Allah ta’ala grant Shehzada Husain bhaisaheb Burhanuddin Saheb (DM) jazā-e-khayr for this opportunity bestowed on the keen followers of Qur’an-e-Majeed and its various sciences. May Allah ta’ala grant Syedna Aali Qadr Mufaddal Saifuddin a long and healthy life till the day of judgement. (Aameen). 

  • Mustafa mohammed 8:36 am 22/09/2018 Reply

    Afzal salaam
    Shukran jazeelan
    Listening to the Qiraat of shehzada saheb is pleasant feeling for ears. Its hidden beauty is revealed through your knowledgeable comments. This creates more intrest in listening Qiraat marking every minute changes in qiraat. I am eager to know how could you manage to remember all different types of qiraat, or there are some basic principles for every qiraat. If so i would like to know some refrences to get aware about basic principles of all different Qiraat.

    Shukran jazeelan

    • Tajweed Explained 8:57 am 22/09/2018 Reply

      Shukran Janab for following the blog so keenly.

      Yes, as mentioned in the initial articles, there are usool of qiraat which when learned can help a person distinguish between the various Qira’at.

  • Shk Mufaddal 9:22 am 22/09/2018 Reply

    Shukran jazakallah

  • Shabbir Kachwala 9:30 am 22/09/2018 Reply

    The effort put into explanation is great

  • Shabbir Kachwala 9:42 am 22/09/2018 Reply


  • Mustafa Taskeen 2:30 pm 22/09/2018 Reply

    Really this was a unique effort! Jazakallah o Khairan! We would love to hear from you throughout the year when shehzada saheb would render qiraat on different occasions.

  • Habib Karimi 11:20 am 23/09/2018 Reply

    Jazakllah khair
    This was a tremendous effort and a unique way of explanation with audio sounds which helped us understand what different qirats are.
    Shukran and we would be eagerly waiting for some more blogs inshallah…..

  • Sh Quaid johar hazari 3:57 pm 10/10/2018 Reply

    Subhanallah very well done and explained. Keep this work up and always continue to inspire us with your writing as Shz sab does with his Tajweed qiraats.
    If I had a chance of holding your text while Shz sab was reciting it would be so incredibly wonderful.
    Thanks for this sharing once again.

  • […] The Culmination September 22, 2018 […]

    • Mohsin Taherali Lokhandwala 3:23 pm 14/09/2019 Reply

      It was the tremendous effort and amarvellous way of making one understand
      Shukran jazakallah

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