Al-Ḥashr: The Gathering
Al Syed al Ajal Shehzada Husain Bhaisaheb Burhanuddin Saheb DM delivered a recitation in today’s majlis which left the audience spellbound. Beginning from the eighteenth verse of Sūrah al-Ḥashr, Shehzada Saheb DM engaged the audience in an array of maqāmāt and riwāyāt, finally bringing the tilawat to rest at the last verse of the Sūrah.
The tilāwat was based on the riwāyat of Warsh ʿan Nāfiʿ and Khalaf ʿan Ḥamza, the latter featuring for the first time in Shehzada Saheb DM’s recitations this year. Shehzada Saheb DM also ventured into the maqām of Nahāwand today. A complex maqām, Nahāwand requires a reciter to retain their breath for a long time and be able to transition from highs into lows without much effort. This article will analyse both, the maqāmāt and the riwāyāt of today’s recitation in detail.
After reciting Verse 18 in Ḥafṣ using the qaṣr al munfaṣil method, Shehzada Saheb DM repeated the verse in Warsh. Indicative was the ishbāʿ (6 ḥarakāt) of the munfaṣil madd in “yā ayyuha” and the tarqīq of rāʾ in “khabīrun”. This verse was repeated for the third time with a saktah on “yā” of “yā ayyuhā” creating a possibility of this repetition being a part of Khalaf’s riwāyat from a tarīq other than Shātibiyah.
Check audio example below and notice how the rāʾ in khabīrun is pronounced with tarqīq.
Verse 19 was first recited in Ḥafṣ. This was followed by a repetition thereof in Warsh. Indicative was the taqlīl and the ṣilat of mīm in “fa-ansaahum”. Similarly, the ishbāʿ of “ulā’ika” also indicated that the recitation was in Warsh.
The Warsh repetition was followed by one in Khalaf. This involved a full imālah in “fa-ansaahum”. In addition, Shehzada Saheb DM recited both versions offered by Hamzah in this situation: the saktah and the naql. Hamzah offers the option to perform waqf with naql and wasl with saktah.
Listen to the voice note for more clarity:
Verse 20 involved the same pattern as verse 19. While the first recitation of the first half of the verse was in Ḥafṣ, the repetition thereof and the continuation of the entire verse, twice, was in Warsh and Hamzah respectively.
In this verse, Shehzada Saheb DM performed the saktah in “lā yastawī as-ḥāb”, the imālah of hāʾ in “jannah”, and the qaṣr as well as madd with tas-hīl in “fāʾizūn”. Listen to the voice note carefully to identify these aḥkām:
This was the most repeated verse of the recitation. Shehzada Saheb DM first recited part of the verse in Ḥafṣ. Thereafter, the line in the image below was repeated in the Reading of Abū Jaʿfar – recognised by the ghunnah on khāʾ which is only done by Abū Jaʿfar.
Thereafter, the verse was repeated in the Reading of Ibn Kathīr. This was recognised by three things: (1) The naql in the word “Qur’an”, (2) The ghunnah on lām in “jabal-il-lara’aitahu” and, (3) The silat of mīm in “la’allahumu”.
The verse was then repeated in Warsh and Khalaf. After reciting this verse, Shehzada Saheb DM paused his recitation for a moment and spoke a few words explaining the meaning of the verse and relating it to the maqām of Al Dai al Ajal Syedna Aali Qadr Mufaddal Saifuddin TUS.
Shehzada Saheb DM recited the first part of this verse in the Reading of Yaʿqūb. This was understood by the qasr of munfaṣil and the hāʾ al-sakt in the word “huwa” upon waqf.
The verse was then repeated in Ḥafṣ and then in the Reading of Hamzah with a saktah at “lā ilāha” and an imālah on “wash-shahādah”.
Verse 23 and 24
After reciting verse 23 in Warsh, Shehzada Saheb DM repeated it in Khalaf and continued to recite therein until the end of the Sūrah. An audio of verse 24 in Khalaf ʿan Hamzah is presented below:
- On the zikr of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin RA
2. On the zikr of Amīrul Mumineen SA’s tawazo
علی ابن ابی طالب نما اھوو نہ کوئی نمسے
3. Syedi Najam Khan QR zikr
منصوص جہ ھوئی امام نا تہ ما چھے وہ امام نی عصمت
4. Zikr of Mumineen being referred to by Mawlana TUS as the wonders of the world
یا رب میرے مولیٰ کو رکھنا تو سدا آباد
داوودی قوم ہم ہے بالا نشاں ہمارا
5. Zikr of masajid and exhorting mumineen to visit them for namaz
مساجد آ سروے تہ خالق نا گھر چھے
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